Friday, January 28, 2022

#1208 Matthew 2 Part 2 Out Of Egypt


13 Now when they had departed, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream and said, “Rise, take the child and his mother, and flee to Egypt, and remain there until I tell you, for Herod is about to search for the child, to destroy him.” 14 And he rose and took the child and his mother by night and departed to Egypt 15 and remained there until the death of Herod. This was to fulfill what the Lord had spoken by the prophet, “Out of Egypt I called my son.”

Herod Kills the Children

16 Then Herod, when he saw that he had been tricked by the wise men, became furious, and he sent and killed all the male children in Bethlehem and in all that region who were two years old or under, according to the time that he had ascertained from the wise men. 17 Then was fulfilled what was spoken by the prophet Jeremiah:

18 “A voice was heard in Ramah,
weeping and loud lamentation,
Rachel weeping for her children;
she refused to be comforted, because they are no more.”
The Return to Nazareth

19 But when Herod died, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared in a dream to Joseph in Egypt, 20 saying, “Rise, take the child and his mother and go to the land of Israel, for those who sought the child's life are dead.” 21 And he rose and took the child and his mother and went to the land of Israel. 22 But when he heard that Archelaus was reigning over Judea in place of his father Herod, he was afraid to go there, and being warned in a dream he withdrew to the district of Galilee. 23 And he went and lived in a city called Nazareth, so that what was spoken by the prophets might be fulfilled, that he would be called a Nazarene. Matthew 2: 13-23

Matthew 2: 13-15

1When Israel was a child, I loved him, and out of Egypt I called My son. 2But the more I called Israel, the farther they departed from Me. They sacrificed to the Baals and burned incense to carved images.… Hosea 11: 1-2

Remain there until I tell you - So the wise men were wise and did not go back to Herod, and an angel came and warned Joseph to flee the country. Matthew tells us that this is to fulfill a prophecy, wherein Israel is a foreshadowing, a type of Christ. It is not difficult to see this, for He is the Seed of the woman, the seed of Abraham, out of Isaac and Jacob, a Son of David, as we saw the lineage in Matthew 1. Think about it, that genetic line was promised through Israel, to Israel were given the oracles, the prophesies concerning Messiah, He is always with them and associated, the King of the Jews. Matthew 1 Part 2. If you look at the redemptive story relating to Egypt and Israel's situation of slavery there, it is a marvelous picture of salvation. They do not bring themselves out, Israel does not engage in an uprising or war with Egypt. They are brought out by the hand of God, through miraculous signs and wonders. The last of the plagues was the death of the firstborn, and this started the tradition of the Passover, where the blood of the Passover lamb was painted on the door frames and everyone in that house was passed over for the sake of the blood, which pointed to the atoning work of Christ. There is a lot in this picture, as we are all slaves to sin, and the book, wherein this prophecy comes from, was written by Hosea, who had a wife named Gomer, who was a prostitute, and she would not give up her sexual sin. She ended up being sold into slavery, but so much was Hosea's love and compassion for her, that he bought her out of bondage, and she represented Israel. 

1This is the word of the LORD that came to Hosea son of Beeri in the days of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah, and of Jeroboam son of Jehoash, king of Israel. 2When the LORD first spoke through Hosea, He told him, “Go, take a prostitute as your wife and have children of adultery, because this land is flagrantly prostituting itself by departing from the LORD.” 3So Hosea went and married Gomer daughter of Diblaim, and she conceived and bore him a son.… Hosea 1: 1-3

Last post we discussed the gifts that the Magi brought, and one of them was very helpful here, the gold, for this was not a rich family, but now they would have the money to stay in a foreign land. Egypt is also interesting because during Alexander's time there was a city named for him there, Alexandria, and it was a safe haven for Jews to retreat to, so there was a Jewish population in that city as well. Now the Bible doesn't go into Jesus's time in Egypt, but that hasn't stopped many a heretic from doing so in their fictions, and even more so, His critics, and this is quite fabulous, meant to be critical, but instead proving itself a huge problem, look at this:

They despised Him. They despised His origin. They despised His presence. And they despised Him at the end. He was “a man of sorrows.” Nobody gave Him honor and nobody gave Him respect. Nobody important. He had no one in His life that mattered. He hung around with a bunch of ragtag nobodies from Galilee who, seven of whom may well have been fisherman. The rest were uneducated Galileans. And the only non-Galilean in the group was Judas from the town of Carioth. He was the kind of person you just turn your face away from. That’s why we rejected Him.

You know, it got ugly from there. Do you know the Hebrew word for Jesus is Yeshua? Have you heard that? Yeshua. The Jews through history have changed it to Yeshu, Yeshu, which is an acrostic for “let his name be blotted out.” Let his name be blotted out. He is also called Tului, in Hebrew, “the hanged one.” And “cursed is anyone - ” Deuteronomy says “ - who is hanged on a tree.”

Maybe you’ve heard the story about Mary being a hairdresser. This is written in the Talmud, which is the codification of Jewish history. That His mother Mary was a hairdresser who committed adultery with a Roman mercenary named Joseph ben Pandera, produced Yeshu, who learned the magical arts in Egypt and led people astray. That’s a quote from the Jewish Talmud.

They developed early on a prayer, Jewish prayer. “May all Christians be suddenly destroyed without hope and blotted out of the book of life forever.” This is a deep-seated animosity. And it hasn’t been helped through history by what so-called fake Christians have done to the Jews. But they started out with contempt and it’s still there even today. And do you know every Jew knows the story of Jesus so he or she can reject it? I mean, you’re not really a Jew if you don’t know you can’t believe in Jesus. We didn’t esteem Him. That’s an important last line. “He was despised; we did not esteem Him.” That’s the ultimate scorn. You know what that means in Hebrew? He was non-existent. He didn’t even exist. To put it mildly as Paul said in Romans 9:32, “They stumbled over the stumbling stone.” John Macarthur from Behold The Lamb Sermon Sep 29, 2012

Now, I want you to look at that third paragraph, and I want you to note that He went to Egypt, according to the Jewish tradition about Jesus. These are not His fans, but note some of their statements, they sound just like the sort of things I would eat up when I was younger, quotes like this:

Now Hume was a smart man, a grand philosopher, however circular you may find some of his arguments to be, he was a high intellect, and so was Hitchens. From a materialist standpoint, wanting there to be no God, yes, the virgin birth is hard to believe, right, I mean I can't go out and witness one. Ironically, the material universe coming from nothing, and given the magic of time, producing life and all we see, was not so hard for them to believe. That's something neither had observed either though, a pretty big miracle indeed, but the easier solution for this virgin birth is that Mary was either raped by a Roman soldier, or she was a minx like Hitchens said, so no miracles. But for the Jews around that time, who were by no means atheists, their explanation for who Jesus was, went beyond the accusations of infidelity, of prostitution. No, this teenage girl was a genius, who came up with this story of the virgin birth, and was so lucky as to have it supported by the prophet Isaiah in Isaiah 7:14, who makes a claim that a virgin will be with child. This same Isaiah, who historians said couldn't possibly have written it during the time he claimed because it sounded too much like the historical figure of Christ. They dated Isaiah to be written during or shortly after Jesus's time, until they found the Dead Sea Scrolls, which put it back to no closer than 200 years before Jesus was born. Wow! Mary is truly a Jedi too, because, not only does she have this prophecy, and those of Messiah throughout the OT, including some staggering prophecies from Isaiah 53, but according to the Jews in the Talmud, He also goes to magic school. Do you notice something here? His enemies don't deny the miracles, they try to explain them away by saying He is a sorcerer, just like they did in the recordings of the Apostles. Weird, I wouldn't try to explain something that didn't happen, that would just seem to give it credence.

…26If Satan drives out Satan, he is divided against himself. How then can his kingdom stand? 27And if I drive out demons by Beelzebul, by whom do your sons drive them out? So then, they will be your judges. 28But if I drive out demons by the Spirit of God, then the kingdom of God has come upon you.… Matthew 12: 26-28

…24A disciple is not above his teacher, nor a servant above his master. 25It is enough for a disciple to be like his teacher, and a servant like his master. If the head of the house has been called Beelzebul, how much more the members of his household! 26So do not be afraid of them. For there is nothing concealed that will not be disclosed, and nothing hidden that will not be made known.… Matthew 10: 24-26

…31At this, the Jews again picked up stones to stone Him. 32 But Jesus responded, “I have shown you many good works from the Father. For which of these do you stone Me?” 33“We are not stoning You for any good work,” said the Jews, “but for blasphemy, because You, who are a man, declare Yourself to be God.”… John 10: 31-33

Another time Jesus went into the synagogue, and a man with a shriveled hand was there. 2 Some of them were looking for a reason to accuse Jesus, so they watched him closely to see if he would heal him on the Sabbath. 3 Jesus said to the man with the shriveled hand, “Stand up in front of everyone.”

4 Then Jesus asked them, “Which is lawful on the Sabbath: to do good or to do evil, to save life or to kill?” But they remained silent.

5 He looked around at them in anger and, deeply distressed at their stubborn hearts, said to the man, “Stretch out your hand.” He stretched it out, and his hand was completely restored. 6 Then the Pharisees went out and began to plot with the Herodians how they might kill Jesus. Mark 3: 1-6

#1207 Matthew 2 Part 1 A Star Is Born


Now after Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea in the days of Herod the king, behold, wise men from the east came to Jerusalem, 2 saying, “Where is he who has been born king of the Jews? For we saw his star when it rose and have come to worship him.” 3 When Herod the king heard this, he was troubled, and all Jerusalem with him; 4 and assembling all the chief priests and scribes of the people, he inquired of them where the Christ was to be born. 5 They told him, “In Bethlehem of Judea, for so it is written by the prophet:

6 “‘And you, O Bethlehem, in the land of Judah,
are by no means least among the rulers of Judah;
for from you shall come a ruler
who will shepherd my people Israel.’”

7 Then Herod summoned the wise men secretly and ascertained from them what time the star had appeared. 8 And he sent them to Bethlehem, saying, “Go and search diligently for the child, and when you have found him, bring me word, that I too may come and worship him.” 9 After listening to the king, they went on their way. And behold, the star that they had seen when it rose went before them until it came to rest over the place where the child was. 10 When they saw the star, they rejoiced exceedingly with great joy. 11 And going into the house, they saw the child with Mary his mother, and they fell down and worshiped him. Then, opening their treasures, they offered him gifts, gold and frankincense and myrrh. 12 And being warned in a dream not to return to Herod, they departed to their own country by another way. Matthew 2: 1-12 ESV

Matthew 2: 1-12

4 So Joseph also went up from the town of Nazareth in Galilee to Judea, to Bethlehem the town of David, because he belonged to the house and line of David. 5 He went there to register with Mary, who was pledged to be married to him and was expecting a child. 6 While they were there, the time came for the baby to be born, 7 and she gave birth to her firstborn, a son. She wrapped him in cloths and placed him in a manger, because there was no guest room available for them. Luke 2: 4-7

Now after Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea - This was the town of David's youth, and the place from where Messiah was prophesied to come, as noted by the priests and scribes in verse 5 and the passage quoted in verse 6, which is from Micah 5 verse 2.

In the days of Herod the king - 

The Herod mentioned here (Mt 2:1, 3, 7, 12, 13, 16, 19, 22) and Lk 1:5+ is known to history as Herod the Great, because of all the great works of building he accomplished, but in reality he was "Herod the Paranoid!" He ruled Palestine from 37 B.C. until he died in 4 B.C. His family was nominally Jewish but actually Idumaean (Edomite, Ge 36:1). He was known for his extensive building projects (including the temple in Jerusalem) and for his cruelty. (See Herod’s Temple in the Time of Jesus and Temple Complex in the Time of Jesus). The Romans had appointed his grandfather, Antipas (died 78 B.C.) governor of Idumaea, and Julius Caesar had made his father, Antipater, procurator of Judea (47 - 43 B.C.). The Roman triumvir, Mark Antony, appointed Herod the Great tetrarch of Galilee in 37 B.C. He greatly increased the splendor of Jerusalem, erecting the Temple, which was the center of Jewish worship in the time of our Lord. - Precept Austin

Wise men came from the east - I will not be able to fully exhaust that statement, but it does raise some questions, and the answers are well worth the digging. First, who are the wise men? 

Magi (wise men)(3097)(magos) is derived from the Persian word magus meaning "great" (thus "great, powerful men") and in the plural ("magi") as in Mt 2:1, 7, 16, magi referred to the high priestly caste Persians (also Medes and Babylonians) who are affectionately called the "wise men." The other sense of magos is that of a magician or sorcerer, one who used magic crafts or "witchcraft." We know that the magi were not kings because this specific title means “wisemen” or more specifically, “astrologers.” BDAG adds that magos referred to "a Persian and then also Babylonian wise man and priest, who was expert in astrology, interpretation of dreams and various other occult arts (Herodutus, Josephus 20.142). The Septuagint uses magos in Daniel 2:2 when King Nebuchadnezzar desired to know the meaning of his dream and called "the magicians (epaoidos - one that uses charms or incantations), the conjurers (magos), the sorcerers (pharmakos)." Matt. 2:1; Matt. 2:7; Matt. 2:16; Acts 13:6; Acts 13:8

East (395) see note below on anatole

John MacArthur adds that the magi "were well-versed in astronomy and astrology, agriculture, mathematics, and history. They were involved in various occult practices and were famous for their ability to interpret dreams (cf. Da. 2:1ff.). Such was their political power and influence that no Persian ruler came to power without their approval....(and in his note on the use in Matthew adds) The magi from the east (the word literally means “from the rising” of the sun, and refers to the orient) who came to see Jesus were of a completely different sort. Not only were they true magi, but they surely had been strongly influenced by Judaism, quite possibly even by some of the prophetic writings, especially that of Daniel. They appear to be among the many God-fearing Gentiles who lived at the time of Christ, a number of whom—such as Cornelius and Lydia (Acts 10:1–2; Acts 16:14)—are mentioned in the New Testament. (For more on magi sermon Matthew 2:1: Who Were the Wise Men?) Precept Austin

Where is He Who has been born king of the Jews - So this question puts the birth in the past tense, and these men are the king makers. They were undoubtedly from the east, and by that Mesopotamia, from an order of pagan priests, who blended the science of astronomy with the superstitions of astrology. There is an interesting historical foot note here from a J Mac sermon, and it would explain Herod's paranoid and anxious response.

Now at the time of Christ, at the time of Christ in the Eastern Empire, there was a ruling body called the Megistanes. You don’t need to…that’s not going to be on the quiz so you don’t need to worry about. But there was a ruling house called the Megistanes, and those…this would be like the United States Senate. Okay. That’s just a name, Megistanes. And this ruling house ruled in the Parthian-Persian Empire at this time. Now listen, it was totally composed of Magi whose duty it was, now watch this, to have absolute choice for the selection of a king. They were kingmakers. And you know what happened? They had some real problems with the king that they had. They wanted to fight Rome and knock off Rome. But they had a loser for a king, Phraates the Fourth. And Phraates the Fourth had been deposed. And listen, the Magi were looking for a new king, a new king of the east, a new king of the Eastern Empire who could come against Rome.

When they arrived in Jerusalem Herod knew what was going on. They were kingmakers and when they wandered around town saying, “Where is this new king of the Jews?” Herod got panicky. When suddenly these Persian kingmakers appeared in Jerusalem, no doubt traveling in full force with all their oriental pomp. And they use to wear conical hats with points on the top and big deals clear down to the bottom of their chin, and they rode Persian steeds not camels. And when they came in they didn’t come alone. The estimates of history are they came with Persian cavalry. When they came charging into the city of Jerusalem and Herod peeked out his little palace window, he flipped. These are powerful men, and to make it worse his army was out of the country on a mission. And the Bible says Herod was troubled. I guess he was. The word in the Greek is he was agitated like your washing machine, he was shaking.

You see, Herod had a title. You know what Herod’s title was? King of the Jews. He got it from Caesar Augustus. Caesar Augustus crowned him king of the Jews. And he realized the great dream of his life was to get that little buffer state under his power, and here he was in the middle of two huge contending empires. And all of a sudden this massive coterie of Persians arrive in the city and he is panicked. And they say, “We’re coming to find the new king.” Now at the time Herod was close to death. And Caesar Augustus was really old and hanging by a thread. And since the retirement of Tiberius the Roman army didn’t even have a commander-in-chief. And they knew that this would be the time to bring about an eastern war against the west. It was right. And so Herod was shaking. - J Mac

How did they know a king had been born? For we saw His star when it rose, that is the answer we are given by their profession in the text. So, some interesting points here:

1. They are in Jerusalem asking Herod, and not in Bethlehem, which was prophesied in Micah 5:2, but Micah was a postexilic prophet, living back in Israel. 
2. They are Magi which were from the Medes and Persians, very much into studying the stars and trying to interpret dreams. 
3. During the Babylonian captivity and transferring into the rule of Medo-Persia, there was a man, who was put over all the wise men, and his name was Daniel. He was a Hebrew, familiar with the prophets, and even notes a prophecy of Jeremiah.  

1In the first year of Darius son of Xerxes, a Mede by descent, who was made ruler over the kingdom of the Chaldeans— 2in the first year of his reign, I, Daniel, understood from the sacred books, according to the word of the LORD to Jeremiah the prophet, that the desolation of Jerusalem would last seventy years. 3So I turned my attention to the Lord God to seek Him by prayer and petition, with fasting, sackcloth, and ashes.… Daniel 9: 1-3

These men came looking for a new king who had been born King of the Jews, so where would they get an idea like that? From Daniel, and when they read the story of the prophet Balaam, who was also likely from their eastern tradition, they would have seen and have had Daniel to explain to them the prophesies about Messiah.

…16the prophecy of one who hears the words of God, who has knowledge from the Most High, who sees a vision from the Almighty, who bows down with eyes wide open: 17I see him, but not now; I behold him, but not near. A star will come forth from Jacob, and a scepter will arise from Israel. He will crush the skulls of Moab and strike down all the sons of Sheth. 18Edom will become a possession, as will Seir, his enemy; but Israel will perform with valor.… Numbers 24: 16-18

And in Isaiah, which was written before the Babylonian exile, but Who are all these people looking for? It seems that everyone waiting for Messiah was waiting in expectation of His Millennial reign, wanting to be rid of Roman and all other broken rule:

…2For behold, darkness covers the earth, and thick darkness is over the peoples; but the LORD will rise upon you, and His glory will appear over you. 3Nations will come to your light, and kings to the brightness of your dawn. 4Lift up your eyes and look around: They all gather and come to you; your sons will come from afar, and your daughters will be carried on the arm.… Isaiah 60: 2-4

Jesus is the light of the world, and some think that this star was actually the Shekinah glory like the Hebrews followed in the wilderness, the fire by night and cloud by day. The Shekinah was also present in the tabernacle above the mercy seat on the ark of the covenant, but here is a really interesting video by a gentleman who looked at this from the perspective of astronomy. Great video using the science started by Johannes Kepler's search.

…78because of the tender mercy of our God, by which the Dawn will visit us from on high, 79to shine on those who live in darkness and in the shadow of death, to guide our feet into the path of peace.” 80And the child grew and became strong in spirit; and he lived in the wilderness until the time of his public appearance to Israel.… Luke 1: 78-80

…15But outside are the dogs, the sorcerers, the sexually immoral, the murderers, the idolaters, and everyone who loves and practices falsehood. 16“I, Jesus, have sent My angel to give you this testimony for the churches. I am the Root and the Offspring of David, the bright Morning Star.” 17The Spirit and the bride say, “Come!” Let the one who hears say, “Come!” And let the one who is thirsty come, and the one who desires the water of life drink freely.… Revelation 22: 15-17

Ascertained from them what time the star had appeared - So being that they were coming to see a king who was already born, based upon the star, he would determine the age of the child. It was quite a distance that the Magi came from.

The star they had seen - Now they are seeing the star again and it comes to rest over the place where the child now is. They see the child in the house and fall down to worship Him. He is not any king, but a prophesied King, the Son of God. 

Gold, Frankincense and Myrrh - Gold was a gift for royalty, and Matthew continues to develop the reality of Christ as King. Gold is also refined so as to represent purity and that which is rare, set apart for special things. Frankincense, whether this crossed the mind of those worshiping Him or not, I don't know, but it is an incense offered to God, in reference to Christ's deity. Myrrh, some would suggest, and I agree, points to His death, the reason of His first advent, the child growing up in the shadow of the cross. Myrrh was used when they wrapped and embalmed the body, it provided a sought after sent. It is interesting too, how much this covers, as J Mac points out, the gold would provide the money necessary for the families survival in Egypt.

38Afterward, Joseph of Arimathea, who was a disciple of Jesus (but secretly for fear of the Jews), asked Pilate to let him remove the body of Jesus. Pilate gave him permission, so he came and removed His body. 39 Nicodemus, who had previously come to Jesus at night, also brought a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about seventy-five pounds. 40So they took the body of Jesus and wrapped it in linen cloths with the spices, according to the Jewish burial custom.… John 19: 38-40

Thursday, January 27, 2022

#1206 Matthew 1 Part 3 Do Not Fear


18 Now the birth of Jesus Christ took place in this way. When his mother Mary had been betrothed to Joseph, before they came together she was found to be with child from the Holy Spirit. 19 And her husband Joseph, being a just man and unwilling to put her to shame, resolved to divorce her quietly. 20 But as he considered these things, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream, saying, “Joseph, son of David, do not fear to take Mary as your wife, for that which is conceived in her is from the Holy Spirit. 21 She will bear a son, and you shall call his name Jesus, for he will save his people from their sins.” 22 All this took place to fulfill what the Lord had spoken by the prophet:

23 “Behold, the virgin shall conceive and bear a son,
and they shall call his name Immanuel”

(which means, God with us). 24 When Joseph woke from sleep, he did as the angel of the Lord commanded him: he took his wife, 25 but knew her not until she had given birth to a son. And he called his name Jesus. Matthew 1: 18-25 ESV

Mary had been betrothed - She was engaged to Joseph, but in a stronger sense then people get engaged today. They wouldn't have dated, and they wouldn't have been through a string of other people before hand. Mary would have been very young, some think as young as 13-15 years old. 

Before they came together she was found to be with child from the Holy Spirit - So they had not consummated the relationship, yet she was pregnant, and with some story about the Holy Spirit, as though Jesus had been placed, knit in her womb, outside of the normal process. So, the Holy Spirit, took God the Son, and somehow wove His deity to humanity, entering the blood line of David through Mary, bypassing Joseph. As we saw in the last post there is a premise for this; it fulfills prophecy.

14 Therefore the Lord himself will give you a sign: The virgin will conceive and give birth to a son, and will call him Immanuel. Isaiah 7: 14

In Luke we see all three members of the Trinity at this conception. 

…34“How can this be,” Mary asked the angel, “since I am a virgin?” 35The angel replied, “The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you. So the Holy One to be born will be called the Son of God. 36Look, even Elizabeth your relative has conceived a son in her old age, and she who was called barren is in her sixth month.… Luke 1: 34-36

Being a just man and unwilling to put her to shame - How is that just you may wonder, if she committed adultery? Shouldn't she be punished, exposed? Well, for one, he probably cares very much for her, and honestly, the Holy Spirit and virgin conception probably made her seem a little nuts. It would have been smarter to cover something like this by just saying you were raped, that probably happened all the time in a country that was under occupation. It shows he was a man of compassion as well, but it also shows that there was no proof against her claim, nor was there another man being accused of being with her. However unlikely it may and did appear, based on his decision to put her away quietly, yet even with his reservations about the story, he did not want to shame her. Under Jewish law she would be stoned, but they were under Roman rule, which put the power of death in the charge of Rome. The Pharisees will later test Jesus on these laws, hoping to get Him to denounce God's law or pitting Him against Rome.  

…3The scribes and Pharisees, however, brought to Him a woman caught in adultery. They made her stand before them 4and said, “Teacher, this woman was caught in the act of adultery. 5In the Law Moses commanded us to stone such a woman. So what do You say?”…
…6They said this to test Him, in order to have a basis for accusing Him. But Jesus bent down and began to write on the ground with His finger. 7 When they continued to question Him, He straightened up and said to them, “Let him who is without sin among you be the first to cast a stone at her.” 8And again He bent down and wrote on the ground.…
…9When they heard this, they began to go away one by one, beginning with the older ones, until only Jesus was left, with the woman standing there. 10Then Jesus straightened up and asked her, “Woman, where are your accusers? Has no one condemned you?” 11“No one, Lord,” she answered. “Then neither do I condemn you,” Jesus declared. “Now go and sin no more.”… John 8: 3-11

Resolved to divorce her quietly - You can see the strength of the engagement here, it required more than a phone call to break it off.

An angel of the Lord - This is probably Gabriel, since He seems to be God's messenger for such grand announcements. 

26In the sixth month, God sent the angel Gabriel to a town in Galilee called Nazareth, 27to a virgin pledged in marriage to a man named Joseph, who was of the house of David. And the virgin’s name was Mary. 28The angel appeared to her and said, “Greetings, you who are highly favored! The Lord is with you.”… Luke 1: 26-28

Gabriel goes to Zechariah the priest as well, to tell him that he will have a son by his barren wife, and this will be the birth of the one who goes before Christ, preaching repentance. He even recognizes Christ from the womb. His name is John the Baptist.

…41When Elizabeth heard Mary’s greeting, the baby leaped in her womb, and Elizabeth was filled with the Holy Spirit. 42 In a loud voice she exclaimed, “Blessed are you among women, and blessed is the fruit of your womb! 43And why am I so honored, that the mother of my Lord should come to me?… Luke 1: 41-43

Do not fear to take Mary as your wife - I would have been less afraid before this, but the situation does merit an angel, it is a difficult story to believe, and quite fair to be skeptical of , so enter Gabriel. Gabriel confirms that this is of the Lord, that Mary has done no wrong in this, and it fulfills the prophecy of Isaiah. He also calls him, Joseph, son of David, who will be the legal guardian, earthly father, and a sign of Christ earthly royal lineage. 

…6For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given, and the government will be upon His shoulders. And He will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace. 7Of the increase of His government and peace there will be no end. He will reign on the throne of David and over his kingdom, to establish and sustain it with justice and righteousness from that time and forevermore. The zeal of the LORD of Hosts will accomplish this. Isaiah 9: 6-7

For He will save His people from their sins - This was the vital nature of His first coming, the atonement. Jesus name in Hebrew was Yeshua, meaning "deliverer, savior". Before the Lion comes the Lamb, before the King comes the suffering Servant, that all righteousness may be fulfilled. 

…4because it is impossible for the blood of bulls and goats to take away sins. 5Therefore, when Christ came into the world, He said: “Sacrifice and offering You did not desire, but a body You prepared for Me. 6In burnt offerings and sin offerings You took no delight.… Hebrews 10: 4-6

…4Surely He took on our infirmities and carried our sorrows; yet we considered Him stricken by God, struck down and afflicted. 5But He was pierced for our transgressions, He was crushed for our iniquities; the punishment that brought us peace was upon Him, and by His stripes we are healed. 6We all like sheep have gone astray, each one has turned to his own way; and the LORD has laid upon Him the iniquity of us all.… Isaiah 53: 4-6

Meaning God with us - This is the meaning of Immanuel, and Jesus is none other than God, savior of His people. The infinitely just God receives the infinitely righteous sacrifice, His Son.

Knew her not until she had given birth - Totally understandable, I would be more than just a little awed by the whole thing, and it would only seem proper to wait till God's Son was no longer in residence there. But notice the word "until", and I bring this up because the Roman Catholic Church has taken it upon themselves to make Mary something that she is not. They have put their traditions above the Word of God, God Who has put His word up as equal to His name. When we say knew here it means intimately, as in: 
And Adam knew Eve his wife; and she conceived, and bare Cain, and said, I have gotten a man from the Lord. Genesis 4:1
So, the only sane and reasonable understanding of this, is that Joseph did not consummate the marriage, know his wife sexually, until after she gave birth. Then, they did know each other intimately and had children together. Roman Catholicism would have you believe their dogmas and goddess idolizations about Mary, contrary to what the Bible teaches. Look at this:

…2When the Sabbath came, He began to teach in the synagogue, and many who heard Him were astonished. “Where did this man get these ideas?” they asked. “What is this wisdom He has been given? And how can He perform such miracles? 3Isn’t this the carpenter, the son of Mary and the brother of James, Joses, Judas, and Simon? Aren’t His sisters here with us as well?” And they took offense at Him. 4Then Jesus said to them, “Only in his hometown, among his relatives, and in his own household is a prophet without honor.”… Mark 6: 2-4

…54Coming to His hometown, He taught the people in their synagogue, and they were astonished. “Where did this man get such wisdom and miraculous powers?” they asked. 55“Isn’t this the carpenter’s son? Isn’t His mother’s name Mary, and aren’t His brothers James, Joseph, Simon, and Judas? 56Aren’t all His sisters with us as well? Where then did this man get all these things?”… Matthew 13: 54-56

Wednesday, January 26, 2022

#1205 Matthew 1 Part 2 Blood and Legal Lines


And David was the father of Solomon by the wife of Uriah, 7 and Solomon the father of Rehoboam, and Rehoboam the father of Abijah, and Abijah the father of Asaph, 8 and Asaph the father of Jehoshaphat, and Jehoshaphat the father of Joram, and Joram the father of Uzziah, 9 and Uzziah the father of Jotham, and Jotham the father of Ahaz, and Ahaz the father of Hezekiah, 10 and Hezekiah the father of Manasseh, and Manasseh the father of Amos, and Amos the father of Josiah, 11 and Josiah the father of Jechoniah and his brothers, at the time of the deportation to Babylon.

12 And after the deportation to Babylon: Jechoniah was the father of Shealtiel, and Shealtiel the father of Zerubbabel, 13 and Zerubbabel the father of Abiud, and Abiud the father of Eliakim, and Eliakim the father of Azor, 14 and Azor the father of Zadok, and Zadok the father of Achim, and Achim the father of Eliud, 15 and Eliud the father of Eleazar, and Eleazar the father of Matthan, and Matthan the father of Jacob, 16 and Jacob the father of Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom Jesus was born, who is called Christ.

17 So all the generations from Abraham to David were fourteen generations, and from David to the deportation to Babylon fourteen generations, and from the deportation to Babylon to the Christ fourteen generations. Matthew 1: 6b - 17 ESV

Matthew 1: 6-17 Lines

By the wife of Uriah - Here we don't get the woman's name, but we know this to be Bathsheba, for she is referred to as the wife of Uriah. This is interesting because she is now with David, and they had already lost their first child, which was the result of adultery, but herein is also much grace. She is called the wife of Uriah still, so as not to make light of the infraction, but we also see the child of forgiveness in Solomon. Those that use David as a model for their own wrong doing do not have a heart after God, and they should look more closely, because every bit of discipline that God promised was fulfilled.

…9Why then have you despised the command of the LORD by doing evil in His sight? You put Uriah the Hittite to the sword and took his wife as your own, for you have slain him with the sword of the Ammonites. 10Now, therefore, the sword will never depart from your house, because you have despised Me and have taken the wife of Uriah the Hittite to be your own.’ 11This is what the LORD says: ‘I will raise up adversity against you from your own house. Before your very eyes I will take your wives and give them to another, and he will lie with them in broad daylight.… 2 Samuel 12: 9-11

…22David answered, “While the child was alive, I fasted and wept, for I said, ‘Who knows? The LORD may be gracious to me and let him live.’ 23But now that he is dead, why should I fast? Can I bring him back again? I will go to him, but he will not return to me.” 2 Samuel 12: 22-23

Solomon - Here is a young man that was given the chance from God to ask for anything, and he asked for wisdom, which all men should ask God for, yet he did not always choose the wisdom of God. Solomon broke all of the laws that were given to kings, taking many wives, so many that it made his father David's addiction look moderate. He traded in a lot of horses and chariots from Egypt, made money off of Syria, who would later become a thorn, and he married foreign women who worshiped foreign gods, which caused a stumbling block for him and his kingdom. His kingdom also had to bear the weight of his indulgences, and he raised a spoiled son to the throne after him. 

Uzziah the father of Jotham - So I am skipping over a lot and just giving some highlights, but Uzziah was a king that did well administratively, but then he got a swelled head, and pride led him to a place that was only admissible to the priest, and there were strict definitions for who could be a priest. Uzziah crossed the line between church and state, and tried to be his own priest, offering up incense in the temple, but the Levitical priest held him back. He got belligerent with them and God gave him a case of leprosy for his insolence.  

Hezekiah the father of Manasseh - Hezekiah was a good king, but he ended up having the worst sort of son. Manasseh is believed by most Jewish historians to be the one who gave the order to have the prophet Isaiah sawn in half. When men hate what God says, and yet cannot build a tower tall enough to get Him, as if that is even sane, they then use what power He has afforded them to kill the messenger.

…36Still others endured mocking and flogging, and even chains and imprisonment. 37They were stoned, they were sawed in two, they were put to death by the sword. They went around in sheepskins and goatskins, destitute, oppressed, and mistreated. 38The world was not worthy of them. They wandered in deserts and mountains, and hid in caves and holes in the ground.… Hebrews 11: 36-38

Jeconiah - This brings us to a very interesting and exciting point in the genealogy, a technical point, and a brilliant look at the sort of masterpiece, that is this work of literature, that we affectionately call the Bible. 

Now there’s something very interesting. Remember whose line is this in Luke – or in Matthew? Joseph’s. Joseph’s. Okay? And I want you to notice something. Jeremiah 22:30. Just listen. Write it down. Jeremiah 22:30. Now listen to what it says. “Thus saith the Lord, Write this man down as childless,” And the man to whom it refers is Jeconiah, the same man. “A man who shall not succeed in his days: none of his offspring shall sit on the throne of David.” Did you get that? None of Jeconiah’s offspring will ever sit on the throne of David. That was the curse on Jeconiah of Jeremiah 22:30.

Now listen to me. If Jesus had been the real son of Joseph, he never could have sat on the throne of David. Did you get that? He would be under the curse. And yet, he had to be the legal son of Joseph to have the right. So God had to devise a plan by which he would be the legal heir to the throne, but that he would not be in the line of David descending through Jeconiah. And so God did it by the virgin birth, bypassing the actual blood line of Jeconiah and yet carrying the royal right to reign and descending the blood through the side of Mary.

So where would we find Mary's line? In Luke chapter 3, and notice verse 27. This lineage starts with Jesus and works it's way backwards to Adam, but where is Jeconiah?

23 Jesus, when he began his ministry, was about thirty years of age, being the son (as was supposed) of Joseph, the son of Heli, 24 the son of Matthat, the son of Levi, the son of Melchi, the son of Jannai, the son of Joseph, 25 the son of Mattathias, the son of Amos, the son of Nahum, the son of Esli, the son of Naggai, 26 the son of Maath, the son of Mattathias, the son of Semein, the son of Josech, the son of Joda, 27 the son of Joanan, the son of Rhesa, the son of Zerubbabel, the son of Shealtiel,[e] the son of Neri, 28 the son of Melchi, the son of Addi, the son of Cosam, the son of Elmadam, the son of Er, 29 the son of Joshua, the son of Eliezer, the son of Jorim, the son of Matthat, the son of Levi, 30 the son of Simeon, the son of Judah, the son of Joseph, the son of Jonam, the son of Eliakim, 31 the son of Melea, the son of Menna, the son of Mattatha, the son of Nathan, the son of David, 32 the son of Jesse, the son of Obed, the son of Boaz, the son of Sala, the son of Nahshon, 33 the son of Amminadab, the son of Admin, the son of Arni, the son of Hezron, the son of Perez, the son of Judah, 34 the son of Jacob, the son of Isaac, the son of Abraham, the son of Terah, the son of Nahor, 35 the son of Serug, the son of Reu, the son of Peleg, the son of Eber, the son of Shelah, 36 the son of Cainan, the son of Arphaxad, the son of Shem, the son of Noah, the son of Lamech, 37 the son of Methuselah, the son of Enoch, the son of Jared, the son of Mahalaleel, the son of Cainan, 38 the son of Enos, the son of Seth, the son of Adam, the son of God. Luke 3: 23-28

The virgin birth was not a story made up by some love struck teens or a girl who was raped by a Roman soldier. It was predicted by the prophet and was, as it had to be, to satisfy the curse against Jeconiah and the prophecy of Isaiah.

…13Then Isaiah said, “Hear now, O house of David! Is it not enough to try the patience of men? Will you try the patience of my God as well? 14Therefore the Lord Himself will give you a sign: Behold, the virgin will be with child and will give birth to a son, and will call Him Immanuel. Isaiah 7: 13-14

Joseph the husband of Mary - This is the fourth named woman, a woman pregnant out of wedlock, and an obscure young girl. Now, to be skeptical about a virgin birth is reasonable, rational. How many of these have you seen, how many documented cases of this do we have? If it is true, then it is miraculous, and it is so difficult a thing that if I were a meticulous tax collector like Matthew, or a doctor, like Luke, I would have shied away from it as too much like fiction. It was predicted by Isaiah, and notice, it says in verse 14 of Is 7 above, "the Lord Himself will give you a sign", and let me explain something to you, a woman giving birth to a son is in no way a sign, as any fool will tell you, that happens all the time, every day. But, if a virgin gives birth, now that is a sign. So now, dear skeptic, if she is claiming to be the mother associated with that sign, then what manner of boy was He, and what manner of man did Jesus Christ become? 

Tuesday, January 25, 2022

#1204 Matthew 1 Part 1 Pedigree of Grace


The book of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham.

2 Abraham was the father of Isaac, and Isaac the father of Jacob, and Jacob the father of Judah and his brothers, 3 and Judah the father of Perez and Zerah by Tamar, and Perez the father of Hezron, and Hezron the father of Ram, 4 and Ram the father of Amminadab, and Amminadab the father of Nahshon, and Nahshon the father of Salmon, 5 and Salmon the father of Boaz by Rahab, and Boaz the father of Obed by Ruth, and Obed the father of Jesse, 6 and Jesse the father of David the king.

And David was the father of Solomon by the wife of Uriah, 7 and Solomon the father of Rehoboam, and Rehoboam the father of Abijah, and Abijah the father of Asaph, 8 and Asaph the father of Jehoshaphat, and Jehoshaphat the father of Joram, and Joram the father of Uzziah, 9 and Uzziah the father of Jotham, and Jotham the father of Ahaz, and Ahaz the father of Hezekiah, 10 and Hezekiah the father of Manasseh, and Manasseh the father of Amos, and Amos the father of Josiah, 11 and Josiah the father of Jechoniah and his brothers, at the time of the deportation to Babylon.

12 And after the deportation to Babylon: Jechoniah was the father of Shealtiel, and Shealtiel the father of Zerubbabel, 13 and Zerubbabel the father of Abiud, and Abiud the father of Eliakim, and Eliakim the father of Azor, 14 and Azor the father of Zadok, and Zadok the father of Achim, and Achim the father of Eliud, 15 and Eliud the father of Eleazar, and Eleazar the father of Matthan, and Matthan the father of Jacob, 16 and Jacob the father of Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom Jesus was born, who is called Christ.

17 So all the generations from Abraham to David were fourteen generations, and from David to the deportation to Babylon fourteen generations, and from the deportation to Babylon to the Christ fourteen generations. Matthew 1: 1-17 ESV

Matthew 1: 1-6 Lineage of the Messiah

Matthew, also known as Levi, a tax collector, is the author of the book that shares his name. It is the first of the four NT gospels. The word gospel comes from the Anglo-Saxon word godspell, which means "a story about God", or "a good story", which is in line with referencing it as "the good news". 

8When the crowds saw this, they were filled with awe and glorified God, who had given such authority to men. 9As Jesus went on from there, He saw a man named Matthew sitting at the tax booth. “Follow Me,” He told him, and Matthew got up and followed Him. 10Later, as Jesus was dining at Matthew’s house, many tax collectors and sinners came and ate with Him and His disciples.… Matthew 9: 8-10

13Once again Jesus went out beside the sea. All the people came to Him, and He taught them there. 14 As He was walking along, He saw Levi son of Alphaeus sitting at the tax booth. “Follow Me,” He told him, and Levi got up and followed Him. 15While Jesus was dining at Levi’s house, many tax collectors and sinners were eating with Him and His disciples—for there were many who followed Him.… Mark 2: 13-15

Matthew opens up his gospel with the lineage of Christ, and it is fitting that Matthew, once known as Levi, would give the genealogy, since he was a tax collector, and the people paid their taxes and did the census based upon their tribes. Now, this may look like a string of boring names, and one would wonder, how would this ever grab the attention of any reader as an opener? Well, if you read the OT, like many of Matthew's Jewish audience had, you would know that there were many prophecies associated with Messiah's lineage. He was predicted as the Seed of the woman, as a Jew, and from the line of David, who was from the tribe of Judah. So these things are no simple matter of mere pedigree, but of prophetic accuracy, and here there is even a story within the story, a lot to unpack.

 Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham - Jesus means "the Lord is Salvation", and Matthew is going to establish Christ's claim to the throne of David, and also His preeminence as the substance of the Abrahamic covenant. He is the sacrifice upon which all of history hangs. Unlike Abraham's son, Isaac, Christ will not escape the sacrifice, nothing will be offered in His place, there is no fit replacement. If He does not go to the cross then all of human history ends and God has failed.

1Then the LORD said to Abram, “Leave your country, your kindred, and your father’s household, and go to the land I will show you. 2I will make you into a great nation, and I will bless you; I will make your name great, so that you will be a blessing. 3I will bless those who bless you and curse those who curse you; and all the families of the earth will be blessed through you.”… Genesis 12: 1-3

Abraham was the father of Isaac - Abraham is the patriarch to whom God made Himself known in Ur of the Chaldea. He was a man living amongst idolaters, a man whose faith started out small, a man who used lying as a means of self preservation. He is listed among the faithful in Hebrews 11, but that faith did not come from himself. God proved himself not only different, or spiritual, but the Creator and Sovereign over all. He breathed life into Sarah, Abraham's wife's dead womb, a lifeless place that had never produced. God waited till the time was past conceivable, when she was old and no longer in cycle, and Abraham himself was almost a hundred. 

…11Now this matter distressed Abraham greatly because it concerned his son Ishmael. 12But God said to Abraham, “Do not be distressed about the boy and your maidservant. Listen to everything that Sarah tells you, for through Isaac your offspring will be reckoned. 13But I will also make a nation of the slave woman’s son, because he is your offspring.”… Genesis 21: 11-13

1Some time later God tested Abraham and said to him, “Abraham!” “Here I am,” he answered. 2“Take your son,” God said, “your only son Isaac, whom you love, and go to the land of Moriah. Offer him there as a burnt offering on one of the mountains, which I will show you.” 3So Abraham got up early the next morning, saddled his donkey, and took along two of his servants and his son Isaac. He split the wood for a burnt offering and set out for the place God had designated.… Genesis 22: 1-3

…7Then Isaac said to his father Abraham, “My father!” “Here I am, my son,” he replied. “The fire and the wood are here,” said Isaac, “but where is the lamb for the burnt offering?” 8Abraham answered, “God Himself will provide the lamb for the burnt offering, my son.” And the two walked on together. 9When they arrived at the place God had designated, Abraham built the altar there and arranged the wood. He bound his son Isaac and placed him on the altar, atop the wood.…
11Just then the angel of the LORD called out to him from heaven, “Abraham, Abraham!” “Here I am,” he replied. 12“Do not lay a hand on the boy or do anything to him,” said the angel, “for now I know that you fear God, since you have not withheld your only son from me.”…
…13Then Abraham looked up and saw behind him a ram in a thicket, caught by its horns. So he went and took the ram and offered it as a burnt offering in place of his son. 14And Abraham called that place The LORD Will Provide. So to this day it is said, “On the mountain of the LORD it will be provided.” Genesis 22: 7-14

Isaac the father of Jacob - Jacob was a liar and a deceiver, but God humbled him and changed his name to Israel, which means "prince of God" and "wrestles with God". His became the title name for the nation, while his sons became the twelve tribes.

Jacob the father of Judah - Judah is the kingly line that God chose. Messiah has to come from the tribe of Judah.

…9Judah is a young lion—my son, you return from the prey. Like a lion he crouches and lies down; like a lioness, who dares to rouse him? 10The scepter will not depart from Judah, nor the staff from between his feet, until Shiloh comes and the allegiance of the nations is his. 11He ties his donkey to the vine, his colt to the choicest branch. He washes his garments in wine, his robes in the blood of grapes.… Genesis 49: 9-11

By Tamar - It is interesting that heredity is always determined by the line of the father, but we will see the names of four women in this genealogy, and as J Mac points out, every name in here is a reflection upon grace. No self respecting Jew would ever include these names or their stories, especially when it was unnecessary for determining heredity. Tamar was the daughter in law of Judah, who dressed up like a prostitute to deceive her father in law, who should not be going in to a prostitute to commit adultery, but he does. The crime for "playing the harlot" was death, to be burned in this case, and this doesn't even touch on the issue of being with the wife of his son, incest. 

…12After a long time Judah’s wife, the daughter of Shua, died. When Judah had finished mourning, he and his friend Hirah the Adullamite went up to his sheepshearers at Timnah. 13When Tamar was told, “Your father-in-law is going up to Timnah to shear his sheep,” 14she removed her widow’s garments, covered her face with a veil to disguise herself, and sat at the entrance to Enaim, which is on the way to Timnah. For she saw that although Shelah had grown up, she had not been given to him as a wife.…
…15When Judah saw her, he thought she was a prostitute because she had covered her face. 16 Not realizing that she was his daughter-in-law, he went over to her and said, “Come now, let me sleep with you.” “What will you give me for sleeping with you?” she inquired. 17“I will send you a young goat from my flock,” Judah answered. But she replied, “Only if you leave me something as a pledge until you send it.”… Genesis 38: 12-17

…24About three months later, Judah was told, “Your daughter-in-law Tamar has prostituted herself, and now she is pregnant.” “Bring her out!” Judah replied. “Let her be burned to death!” 25As she was being brought out, Tamar sent a message to her father-in-law: “I am pregnant by the man to whom these items belong.” And she added, “Please examine them. Whose seal and cord and staff are these?” 26Judah recognized the items and said, “She is more righteous than I, since I did not give her to my son Shelah.” And he did not have relations with her again.… Genesis 38: 24-26

Salmon the father of Boaz by Rahab - We all know Rahab as the harlot Rahab, this was her profession, she was a prostitute who became a proselyte and married into Judah's line. It is an interesting line of questioning that the Pharisees pose to Jesus and His disciples, "how is it that y'all hang out with prostitutes and tax collectors?" They knew the stories of His genealogy, the failures of their OT heroes and kings, that since the fall, God has had nothing but sinners to work with here, it is this reality that the self righteous find difficult to accept.

…15While Jesus was dining at Levi’s house, many tax collectors and sinners were eating with Him and His disciples—for there were many who followed Him. 16When the scribes who were Pharisees saw Jesus eating with these people, they asked His disciples, “Why does He eat with tax collectors and sinners?” 17On hearing this, Jesus told them, “It is not the healthy who need a doctor, but the sick. I have not come to call the righteous, but sinners.”… Mark 2: 15-17

…37When a sinful woman from that town learned that Jesus was dining there, she brought an alabaster jar of perfume. 38As she stood behind Him at His feet weeping, she began to wet His feet with her tears and wipe them with her hair. Then she kissed His feet and anointed them with the perfume. 39When the Pharisee who had invited Jesus saw this, he said to himself, “If this man were a prophet, He would know who this is and what kind of woman is touching Him—for she is a sinner!”…
40But Jesus answered him, “Simon, I have something to tell you.” “Tell me, Teacher,” he said. 41“Two men were debtors to a certain moneylender. One owed him five hundred denarii, and the other fifty. 42When they were unable to repay him, he forgave both of them. Which one, then, will love him more?”…
…43“I suppose the one who was forgiven more,” Simon replied. “You have judged correctly,” Jesus said. 44And turning toward the woman, He said to Simon, “Do you see this woman? When I entered your house, you did not give Me water for My feet, but she wet My feet with her tears and wiped them with her hair. 45You did not greet Me with a kiss, but she has not stopped kissing My feet since I arrived.…
…46You did not anoint My head with oil, but she has anointed My feet with perfume. 47Therefore I tell you, because her many sins have been forgiven, she has loved much. But he who has been forgiven little loves little.” 48Then Jesus said to her, “Your sins are forgiven.”… Luke 7: 37-48

Obed by Ruth - We come to the third woman mentioned in this genealogy, and she is actually a wonderful woman, but she is a Moabite, a nation founded by the incestuous relationship of Lot with his two daughters, after the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah. The Moabites were a very proud nation, and the king of the Moabites during Moses' time tried to hire a prophet to curse Israel, and when that didn't work, for all God would let him do was bless, then he showed the king how to bring Israel down from within. Balaam knew that God hated sin, and that the king of Moab wouldn't even have to fight Israel if they fell into idolatry and immorality, so he sent the Moabite women to seduce them. Balaam knew that God would judge His own people, for He was Holy and just. But there is a marvelous and very ancient prophecy given by Balaam about this very lineage.

…16the prophecy of one who hears the words of God, who has knowledge from the Most High, who sees a vision from the Almighty, who bows down with eyes wide open: 17I see him, but not now; I behold him, but not near. A star will come forth from Jacob, and a scepter will arise from Israel. He will crush the skulls of Moab and strike down all the sons of Sheth. 18Edom will become a possession, as will Seir, his enemy; but Israel will perform with valor.… Numbers 24: 16-18

And Jesse the father of David the king - Judah's scepter first rises with David, a man after God's own heart, yet a well known sinner, a murderer, a polygamist, an adulterer, a bad father. Those are correct who say this lineage bleeds of grace, for there is none righteous not even one. These are the names that evoke our own cries for mercy, they furnish the grounds, and yet One will come from this line who is without blame, One born to rule, yet born in the shadow of the cross, born to redeem.

…19So shall they fear the name of the LORD where the sun sets, and His glory where it rises. For He will come like a raging flood, driven by the breath of the LORD. 20“The Redeemer will come to Zion, to those in Jacob who turn from transgression,” declares the LORD. 21“As for Me, this is My covenant with them,” says the LORD. “My Spirit will not depart from you, and My words that I have put in your mouth will not depart from your mouth or from the mouths of your children and grandchildren, from now on and forevermore,” says the LORD.… Isaiah 59: 19-21

…37“Jesus of Nazareth is passing by,” they told him. 38So he called out, “Jesus, Son of David, have mercy on me!” 39Those who led the way admonished him to be silent, but he cried out all the louder, “Son of David, have mercy on me!”… Luke 18: 37-39